Coronavirus: What are the new restrictions and why are they needed?

A deserted Westminster Bridge is pictured looking north

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A sequence of strict new measures to combat the coronavirus outbreak have been introduced by Prime Minister Boris Johnson.

In a televised tackle, he mentioned a “second of nationwide emergency” meant staying at house was essential to guard the NHS and save lives.

When are folks allowed to depart their properties?

Mr Johnson mentioned folks would solely be allowed to depart their properties for particular causes:

  • Looking for “primary requirements”, as sometimes as attainable. Folks ought to use supply companies, the place they will
  • Medical causes, to supply care, or to assist a weak particular person
  • Travelling to and from work, however solely whether it is “completely essential”

Persons are additionally being instructed to not meet pals or relations who don’t stay with them.

What different new measures are there?

The prime minister mentioned:

  • Outlets promoting “non-essential items” together with garments and electronics shops will likely be closed instantly
  • Libraries, playgrounds, out of doors gyms and locations of worship may even shut
  • Gatherings of greater than two folks (excluding individuals who stay collectively) will likely be banned
  • There will likely be no weddings or baptisms however funerals will likely be allowed
  • Parks will stay open however persons are solely to exit to train as soon as a day

The entire new measures will final for 3 weeks from 23 March earlier than being reviewed.

How will the measures be enforced?

The police will likely be given the powers to verify folks observe the measures – by dispersing teams and issuing fines.

The Nationwide Police Chiefs’ Council instructed the BBC that officers could be speaking to folks and explaining why they should not be out.

If they don’t settle for the recommendation, they’d then be given a high quality. Nevertheless, fines will not be issued until Parliament passes the emergency legislation – which must be by the tip of Thursday.

The Residence Workplace couldn’t say, at this stage, how massive the fines are prone to be.

What about non-food retailers and laundrettes?

Another varieties of non-food retailers are additionally allowed to remain open, according to government guidance:

  • Pharmacies
  • Petrol stations
  • Bicycle retailers, house and {hardware} retailers
  • Automobile leases
  • Pet retailers
  • Nook retailers and newsagents
  • Put up workplaces
  • Banks

Laundrettes and dry cleaners have been given an exception and are allowed to stay open. If a buyer visits one, they should guarantee they keep on with the social distancing guidelines.

What about on-line deliveries?

Prospects ought to nonetheless be capable to obtain deliveries positioned on-line.

Amazon mentioned there could be some adjustments, with important gadgets (like meals and healthcare merchandise) being prioritised. That implies that supply occasions for different gadgets might take longer than traditional.

Its drivers have been suggested to put packages on the buyer’s doorstep and step again, to be able to keep away from any pointless contact.

The Royal Mail remains to be working its service for parcels and letters, however with some delays and alterations.

To assist safeguard care house residents, deliveries are being made to a central level, equivalent to reception, slightly than to particular person addresses.

Royal Mail says it’s working with its airline, postal and courier companions the world over to take care of global deliveries.

What about dad and mom who stay in separate locations?

Mother and father who stay individually may even be allowed to maneuver youngsters beneath 18 between their homes, in accordance with Cupboard minister Michael Gove.

What about takeaways?

Folks can nonetheless use takeaway retailers and supply firms, according to the government’s guidance.

Nevertheless, clients should not eat or drink whereas ready for his or her meals.

Regardless of being allowed to stay open, some meals retailers have nonetheless determined to shut – including Greggs and McDonalds.

Is train allowed?

Persons are nonetheless allowed to go outdoors for train – together with strolling, working or biking.

Nevertheless, this may solely be completed by yourself, or with the folks you reside with.

Mr Gove says this must be your “commonplace size” of train and solely as soon as a day.

Can I nonetheless take my automotive for an MOT?

Garages are allowed to stay open beneath the brand new restrictions.

MOTs for lorries, buses and trailers have already been suspended for as much as three months. The federal government says these automobiles have to be maintained and stored roadworthy.

MOTs for automobiles, bikes and light-weight vans are beneath evaluation.

Driving exams in England, Scotland and Wales have been suspended for as much as three months from 21 March 2020, aside from vital employees. All sensible driving exams are suspended in Northern Eire till 22 June 2020.

Why are harder restrictions being launched?

The federal government had already instructed people who to stop the unfold of coronavirus they need to solely exit when essential – for instance, to purchase meals and medication, or for train.

When out, folks have been instructed to maintain a minimum of 2m (6ft) other than different folks. This is named social distancing.

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Clapham Frequent in London was among the many parks throughout the UK busy over the weekend

Nevertheless, since this recommendation was issued, there have been many examples of individuals not following it.

On the weekend, parks and open areas have been filled with folks. Snowdonia Nationwide Park, for instance, mentioned it had experienced the “busiest ever visitor day in living memory”.

And with the discount in practice companies throughout the UK and tube trains on the London Underground, passengers on their strategy to work were crowded together on Monday.

What has the UK already completed?

Folks had already been urged to earn a living from home the place attainable, and to not go to pubs, eating places, cafes, theatres and different venues.

Last Friday, Prime Minister Boris Johnson announced that these places should all close, though takeaways might nonetheless supply a service.

Colleges additionally shut on Friday, though some have been stored open to provide a service for the children of key workers, equivalent to NHS workers.

Why do folks want to remain aside?

Coronavirus spreads when an contaminated particular person coughs small droplets into the air. These will be breathed in, or trigger an an infection in the event you contact a floor they’ve landed on, after which contact your face with unwashed fingers.

How does the UK examine to different nations?

Many nations have already imposed extreme restrictions on their populations.

  • The entire of Italy has been on lockdown since 9 March, with folks solely allowed out if strictly essential
  • Meetings of more than two have been banned in Germany. One German state, Bavaria, has carried out a full lockdown for its residents
  • Increasingly more US states have launched extreme restrictions, with one in three Individuals now being instructed to not go away house
  • Australia has shut down non-essential companies, though colleges stay open in some states

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